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Festival calendar


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Calendrier solaire, lunaire (2000-2020)


Fête du temple Hung

Date: Du 8e au 11e jour du 3e mois lunaire, le 10e est le jour principal.
Lieu: Mont Nghia Linh dans la commune de Hy Cuong, ville de Viet Tri, province de Phu Tho.
Personnage de culte: Rois Hung.

Caractéristiques: Anniversaire de la mort des ancêtres de la nation. Il y a non seulement la cérémonie de présentation d’encens au temple Hung à Phu Tho mais encore la cérémonie de culte en même temps au temple Hung à Ho Chi Minh-Ville, à Nha Trang et à plusieurs autres endoits.
Légende: les 18 rois Hung ont fondé l’Etat Van Lang, l’Etat embryonnaire du Vietnam.
- La procession de 3 communes de la maison communale au pied du mont.
- Cérémonie de présentation d’encens.
- Chant xoan (chant printanier), danse avec tambour de bronze...


Describing the festival


The festival begins with a palanquin procession performed by three villages of Co Tich, Vi Cuong and Trieu Phu. The procession carries bamboo elephants and wooden horses symbolizing the submission of animals to the Kings Hung and the wedding of the Mountain Genie and Princess Ngoc Hoa. Banh chung (square sticky rice cake) and banh giay (round sticky rice cake) are indispensable offerings in the procession in order to honour the merit of the Kings Hung who taught people to plant rice and to remind people of Lang Lieu who invented these cakes.

The worship service is held on the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month and commences with a flower ceremony with the participation of state representatives. Held in Thuong Temple, where the Kings Hung used to worship deities with full rituals, the ceremony is conducted with the traditional rituals representing the whole nation. During that time, the nha to Do Ngai guild performs singing and dancing to welcome visitors.


The children of the Kings Hung throughout the country converge on the temple to offer incense. The procession includes the state representatives, one hundred young men and women in traditional costumes symbolizing 'children of the Dragon and Fairy' and pilgrims.


The procession marches are followed by a Xoan singing performance (a kind of folk song of Vinh - Phu region) in Thuong Temple, ca tru (a kind of classical opera) in Ha Temple, and other activities including bamboo swings, nem con (throwing a sacred ball through the ring), cham thau (beating bronze drum), dam duong (pounding rice).


Hung Temple Festival not only attracts visitors from all over the country because of its special traditional cultural activities, but it is also a sacred trip back in time to the origins of the Vietnamese nation. People usually show their love and pride of their homeland and ancestral land. This religious belief deeply imbedded in the minds of every Vietnamese citizen, regardless of where they originate.

Fête du temple Tran
Fête Giong (au temple de Soc)
Fête Katê
Fête de Yên Thê
Festival des fleurs de Vi Khe
Fête de la pagode de Tram Gian
Fête du village de Trieu Khuc
Fête du temple Ba Thon
Cérémonie de village des Cong
Fête Xen Muong à Lai Chau

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