Po Nagar Cham Towers

Location: On Cu Lao Hill, by Cai River, belongs to Vinh Phuoc Ward, Nha Trang City, about 2km to the north of the city centre. 
Characteristic: This is a typical architectural and sculptural work of Cham culture.

History of foundation

(TITC) - The complex was built in the 8th century – the prosperous period of Hinduism in the ancient Kingdom of Cham Pa (Khauthara region), now Khanh Hoa and Phu Yen provinces.

 

Originally, the tower was made of wood in order to worship Thien Y Thanh Mau (Goddess Po Nagar) who Cham people consider as the goddess created the Earth, trees, and rice. Then, King Prithi Indravarman had the tower rebuilt to worship Goddess Bhagavati. In 774, King Satysuaman also had the tower rebuilt by stone and brick but it was destroyed later. The current tower complex was built in 965 by King Jaya Indravarman I to worship the gods of Po Nagar, Siva (one of three supreme gods of Hinduism), Sanhaka and Ganeca (sons of God Siva).

 

Architecture

The Po Nagar Tower Complex consists of three levels. The lowest level is the gate tower totally destroyed. From here, there are stone steps leading up to the middle level called Mandapa (meditation hall) where pilgrims can rest and prepare offerings. Mandapa is 20m long and 15m wide, includes two rows of 10 large pillars and 12 small pillars.

 

On the third level, there are two parallel tower ranges, each range had 3 towers but now only 4 ones remain. In this architectural complex, the main tower to worship Goddess Po Nagar is the largest one with its height of 23m, terraced pyramidal roof. Inside the tower, there is a 2.6m-high statue of the goddess made of black granite sitting on a lotus-shaped stone base, backing on a large Bodhi leaf-shaped stone plate. The statue is considered as a masterpiece of Cham sculpture. The other three towers are dedicated to God of Siva and his two sons, Gods of Sanhaca and Ganeca.

 

The Po Nagar tower complex preserves many ancient inscriptions of Cham people about sacrifices and worship to Goddess Po Nagar, the praise for the goddess, and the construction of the tower complex...

 

 

Festival

Every year, from the 21st to the 23rd days of the third lunar month, Po Nagar Festival is organized with large scale, including activities as washing and changing clothes for the statue, dang ba dance, ghe racing, boi singing… This is the biggest religious festival in the region to commemorate Goddess Po Nagar.

 

In 1979, Po Nagar Tower Complex was recognized as a national historical site by Ministry of Culture and Information (now Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism).

 

From 2000 to 2003, the complex was restored and embellished. With its unique architecture, the complex has become an attractive destination for tourists when visiting Nha Trang.

 

Opening time: 6.00am – 6.00pm daily

Fare: 22,000VND/person

 

Thu Giang

 

ALBUM
NEARBY DESTINATIONS
WHERE TO STAY
Tommy Hotel

Add: 167-169 Hoang Van Thu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3813 243

Sophia Hotel

Add: 35 Tran Quang Khai St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3522 524

Golden Holiday Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 3526 222/ 3526 227

Regalia Hotel

Add: 98B Tran Phu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 6263 333     

Olympic Hotel

Add: 8 Phan Boi Chau St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3561 964

Majestic Nha Trang Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 3524 568/ 3523 898

Que Huong Hotel

Add: 60 Tran Phu St, Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3825 047 / 3827 365

Daisy Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 3514 979

Phu Quy 2 Hotel

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Alana Nha Trang Beach Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 3528 686

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Tel: (84-258) 3887 777

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Tel: (84-258) 3523 898 / 3524 515

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Tel: (84-258) 3522 222

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Nhi Phi Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 3527 188 / 3527 399

Nhat Thanh Hotel

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Tel: (84-258) 2220 555

WHERE TO EAT
Au Lac Restaurant

Add: 28C Hoang Hoa Tham St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3522 942

Lac Canh Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3821 391/ 3822 522

Lys Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3822 006

Czech beer Hoang Gia Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3523 668

Cay Me Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3811 576

Nha Trang Lodge Restaurant

Add: 42 Tran Phu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3821 500/ 3821 900

Que Huong Restaurant

Add: 60 Tran Phu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3825 047

ISE Hotel Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3524 734

Seafood Bombay Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3816 206

Ga ran 99 Restaurant

Add: 65A Quang Trung St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3524 752

86A Sai Gon Beer Restaurant

Add: 86A Tran Phu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3521 785

Avason Restaurant

Add: 86 Tran Phu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3829 829

Fresh beer Louisiane Restaurant

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Tel: (84-258) 3521 948

Good Morning Restaurant

Add: 19B Biet Thu St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3815 071

Kim Chi Restaurant

Add: 82 Huynh Thuc Khang St., Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3512 357

La Louisiane Restaurant

Add: Tran Phu Boulevard, Nha Trang City

Tel: (84-258) 3812 948