Ha Long Bay

Location: Ha Long Bay is located in the northeastern part of Viet Nam and constitutes part of the western bank of Bac Bo Gulf, including the sea area of Ha Long City, Cam Pha City and part of Van Don Island District, Quang Ninh Province.

Characteristics: UNESCO recognized it as the World Natural Heritage two times.

Ha Long Bay encompasses 1,969 islands of various sizes which are concentrated in two main zones: the south-east (belonging to Bai Tu Long Bay) and the south-west (belonging to Ha Long Bay). The bay has been first recognized as World Natural Heritage since 1994 by UNESCO for the natural beauty, and for the second time for its geographical and geomorphologic values since 2000.

 

 Natural Beauty

Ha Long Bay covers a total area of 1,553km², including 1,969 islands of various sizes, 989 of which have been given names. There are two kinds, limestone and schist. The average geological age of the islands is between 250 and 280 million years old. 

 

 

Ha Long Bay has been called by the great national poet Nguyen Trai: "a marvel of the earth erected towards the high skies". While exploring the bay, tourists will feel lost in a legendary world of stone islands which shapes change depending on the angle and the light. There are many names given to islands according to their shapes and forms such as Hon Dau Nguoi (Human Head Islet), Hon Rong (Dragon Islet), Hon Canh Buom (Sail Islet), Hon Trong Mai (Cock and Hen Islet)… But the beauty of Halong Bay does not consist only in the forms of its mountains, islands and the colour of its waters, but also in its infinitely rich system of grottoes and caves such as: Thien Cung (Heavenly Palace Grotto), Dau Go (Driftwood Grotto), Sung Sot (Surprise Grotto), Tam Cung (Three Palace Grotto), Trinh Nu (Virgin Grotto)... Each is a grandiose and refined natural architectural creation.

 

◊ Geological Value

The most remarkable geological events of Ha Long Bay’s history in the last 1,000 years include the advance of the sea, the raising of the bay area and the strong erosion that has formed coral and pure blue and heavily-salted water. This process of erosion by sea water has deeply engraved the stone, contributing to its fantastic beauty. Present-day Ha Long Bay is the result of this long process of geological evolution that has been influenced by so many factors. It is because of all these factors that the tourists now visiting Ha Long Bay are not only treated to one of the true wonders of the world, but also to a precious geological museum that has been naturally preserved in the open air for the last 300 million years.

 

◊ Biodiversity

Results of scientific research show that Ha Long Bay features ecosystems of a tropical ocean region such as ecosystem of coral reefs with 232 species of coral distributed mainly in the areas of Cong Do and Bo Hung. It is also home to 81 species of gastropoda, 130 species of bivalvia, 55 species of polycheta and 57 species of crab. The ecosystem of salt water-flooded forests chiefly concentrated in the zones of Tuan Chau, Cua Luc and Ba Che has the most diversified collection of species of salt water-flooded plant in North Viet Nam. Also living in this ecosystem are a great many species of animals: migrating birds (200 species), polycheta (169 species), seaweed (91 species), reptile (10 species). Ha Long Bay also has ecosystem of tropical rain forests with various rare and precious creatures: deer, weasels, squirrels and in particular, white-tabby and red-haired monkeys. In addition, there is a system of small caves along the sea, which are the living and development places for many animals and plants: seaweed, water plant, algae, fish and shrimp. Deeper into the water, there are also many species of shrimp, fish, abalone and other sea-specialities.

 

◊ Historical and Cultural Value

Ha Long is a place closely linked to Viet Nam’s history with such famous geographical names as: Van Don (site of an ancient commercial port); Poem Mountain (with engravings of many poems by emperors and other famous people of the past); and Bach Dang River (the location of two fierce naval battles fought against foreign aggressors). This is not all, Ha Long has been proven by scientists to be one of the first cradles of human existence in the area, with such archaeological sites as Dong Mang, Xich Tho, Soi Nhu and Thoi Gieng…

 

A Two Time Recognized by UNESCO as World Natural Heritage Site

On December 17, 1994, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for its natural beauty at the 18th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Thailand. On December 12, 2000, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for the second time based on its geological value at the 24th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Cairns, Australia. The recognised site covers an area of 434km², comprises 775 islands and forms a triangle: with Dau Go Island (Driftwood Grotto) to the west; Ba Ham Lake (Three Shelter Lake) to the south and Cong Tay Island to the east.

 

Ha Long Bay was also listed as one of new seven nature wonders of the world by New7Wonders Organization in 2011.

 

The visitors exploring Ha Long Bay are treated to one of the true wonders of the world, enjoy interesting experience with kayaking, and take an overnight cruise on a tradition junk around the bay.

ALBUM
NEARBY DESTINATIONS
Trong Mai Islet

Quang Ninh

Tuan Chau Island

Quang Ninh

Sung Sot Grotto

Quang Ninh

Ba Vang Pagoda

Quang Ninh

WHERE TO STAY
Binh Minh Hotel

Add: Huu Nghi St., Mong Cai Town

Tel: (84-203) 8811 85/ 8810 14/ 8825 92

Cong Nghe Hotel

Add: Ly Tu Trong St., Mong Cai Town

Tel: (84-203) 8830 11

ATI Bai Tu Long Resort

Add: Ha Long Commune, Van Don Dist.

Tel: (84-203) 3793 156/ 3793 674

ATI Quan Lan Resort

Add: Quan Lan Commune, Van Don Dist.

Tel: (84-203) 3877 471/ 3877 469

Van Xuan Hotel

Add: Group 4- Zone 4B , Bai Chay Ward, Hạ Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3844 626

Van Hai II Hotel

Add: 8 Ha Long St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3848 834

Le Hoa Hotel

Add: 109 Le Thanh Tong St., Hon Gai Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3625 067

Ha Long DC Hotel

Add: 8, 24 Thang 5 St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3618 606

Thai Binh Duong Hotel

Add: Group 8- Zone 9, Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3844 469

Phuong Vi Hotel

Add: 25 Vuon Dao St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 595

Hoang Lan Hotel

Add: 15 - 17 Vuon Dao St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 504

Blue Sky Hotel

Add: Dong Hung Thang St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3647 647

Huu Nghi Hotel

Add: Nguyen Du St., Mong Cai City

Tel: (84-203) 3881 408

Paradise Suites Hotel Halong

Add: Tuan Chau Island, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3815 088

Manh Cuong Hotel

Add: 79 Vuon Dao St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 342

Ngoc Lan Hotel

Add: Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 372

Hai Yen Hotel

Add: 400 Tran Phu St., Cam Pha Town

Tel: (84-203) 3862 250

Bac Long Hotel

Add: 34 Vuon Dao St., Bai Chay Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 167

Golden Lotus Hotel

Add: Group 1, zone 2, Bai Chay, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3626 668

Mong Cai Trade Union Hotel

Add: Hung Vuong St., Mong Cai City

Tel: (84-203) 3881 165

WHERE TO EAT
Elevent Restaurant

Add: Ha Long St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3845 845

Ha Long 1 Restaurant

Add: Bai Chay Rd., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3845 142

Hoang Lan Restaurant

Add: 15 - 17 Vuon Dao St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 504

Kim Hang Restaurant

Add: Dong Hung Thang Tourist Site, Ha Long St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 809

Phuong Oanh Restaurant

Add: Ha Long St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 145

Van Khanh Restaurant

Add: 21 Le Quy Don, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3827 099

Bien Mo Floating Restaurant

Add: 35 Ben Tau St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3828 951

Nang Tam Vegetarian Restaurant

Add: Yen Tu's telpher station, Uong Bi City

Tel: (84-203) 3661 027

Hong Kong Restaurant

Add: Ha Long St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3847 591

Thien Trang Restaurant

Add: 7 Tran Phu St., Cam Pha City

Tel: (84-203) 3862 467

Sam Loi Restaurant

Add: Tra Co Beach, Mong Cai City

Tel: (84-203) 3883 081

Tuyet Tuyet Restaurant

Add: Khu 8, Cai Rong Townlet, Van Don Dist.

Tel: (84-203) 3874 256

Quan Hai Lau Restaurant

Add: Bai Chay St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3847 037

Cong Doan Restaurant

Add: Bai Chay Tourist Centre, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3846 780

Bien Xanh Restaurant

Add: 8 Le Thanh Tong St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3825 112

Anh Duong Restaurant

Add: Group 6, Yet Kieu Ward, Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 6293 666

Ha Long Wonder Restaurant

Add: 98 Ben tau Hon Gai St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3811 279

Phu Dong Restaurant

Add: 6A Le Thanh Tong St., Ha Long City

Tel: (84-203) 3656 339