Thanh Hue (Hue Capital Citadel):
construction stared in 1805 under the reign of Emperor Gia Long and completed in 1832
under the reign of Emperor Ming Mang. Under Nguyen' reign, Kings have ordered to build
ramparts, palaces and constructional works of royal. Over 200 years to now, it is still
original with nearly 140 small and large constructions.
Citadel, square in shape and almost 10 km in circumference, 6 m high, 21 m thick and 10
entrances. On the top of the walls that surround it, 24 bastions are established for
defensive purposes. Besides, the Citadel has an ancillary gate connecting the Tran Binh
Bastion called the Thai Binh Mon (Peace Gate).
Hoang Thanh (Royal Citadel):
The Imperial City is located in the
centre of the Citadel where established highest offices of Viet Nam's feudalism and
sanctums honouring the cult of decreased Emperors. The Citadel, also has a nearly square
form, with more than 600m long for each side, built of brick 4m high, 1m thick, around
which is ditched a system of protection trench. Access to the Imperial City can be made by
four entrance gates. Noon Gate is only used for the King. Royal Palace consists of more
100 beautiful constructional works divided many sectors.
- From the Ngo Mon to the Thai Hoa Palace: This is the place for setting up various
- Sector for worship shrines of the King of the Nguyen dynasty: Trieu Mieu, Thai
Mieu, Hung Mieu, The Mieu and Phung Tien place.
- Sector for internal affairs office: Storehouse for precious objects, workshop for
manufacturing various useful articles.
- Sectors for the Kham Van palace and the Co Ha garden: place where the princes are
studying or enjoying.
Cam Thanh (Forbidden citadel):
inside the Imperial City, behind the Throne Palace, the Forbidden Purple City is reserved
for Emperor and his family. Constructed early in Emperor Gia Long'reign in 1804 with brick
walls 3.72m high, 0,72 m thick, about 1,230 m in circumference. Its front and back sides
are 324 m each while either left and right side is more than 290 m including 50
architectural constructions of different sizes and 7 gates for facilities of entrance and
exit. Dai Cung Mon (the Great Place Gate) is in the front side for Kings. Can Chanh Palace
(the place for every day working of Emperors). Can Thanh (Emperor's Private Palace), Khon
Thai Residence (Queen's Private Apartment) reserved for the Queen. Duyet Thi Duong house
(Royal Theatre), Thuong Thien (the kitchen for the King' food), Thai Binh Lau (King's
reading room)... Besides, Hue is also famous for royal tombs and temples of Nguyen Kings.
Seven tombs with different aspect are not not only a wonderful arch but also combining
beautiful, imposing nature and poetic of Hue.
Hue including Perfume River and Ngu Mountain, palaces and citadels, tombs and temples with
hundred of historic years are being embellished and recovered by material contribution of
Vietnamese and International community in order to keep Hue City as cultural heritage of